In History, our teacher gave us an asingment in which we had to answer some questions and complete a chart after watching some videos on the Berlin blockade. This is my work:
What was life like in Berlin in the post-war era?
Berlin was splited into two.On the one hand, the east part was communist and so it was under the control of the Soviet Union. On the other hand, the west part was capitalist and was divided into three sectors; the British, the American and the French sector. What is more, life in Berlin was extremely poor. It had suffered a lot and the population was going through harsh times as well. Berlin was clearly devastated after war.
2- How did Soviet policy towards Berlin differ from that of the West?
Capitalism was the government’s organization in the west part. However, in the east part, the Soviet Union applied a Communist government. Stalin wanted its part of Germany crippled while the allies wanted economic recovery.
3- Why was reform of the German currency a key issue for both sides?
The reform of the German currency was a key issue for both sides as it was a symbol of unification. The allies united against the Soviet Union. By doing this, the west side not only obtained economic stability but also they proved to be powerful and strong.
4- Why was the airlift such a major feat?
The airlift was a major feat because it showed this unification the allies wanted to prove. It was a proof of the confrontation existent between communism and capitalism. It also showed the capitalist’s power, as they very well demonstrated that they wouldn’t be doomed by the soviets. Although the Berlin blockade, the west part did not give up and consequently, sent supplies to the zone, which showed their strength. In fact, this strategy was very intelligent as it demonstrated that the capitalists wouldn’t stop until achieve the Soviet’s defeat.
5-In what respect can the USSR and US be responsible for further increasing tensions during the airlift?
As regards the USSR, during the airlift, they were prepared to shoot down the planes as they saw the airlift as a capitalist attack. Also, they were constantly armed to avoid people trespassing to the other side, which caused a lot of tension. The USA was also the responsible for increasing tensions during the airlift because not only they sent more supplies than they had done before, but also they were challenging Stalin’s blockade. This is because they were crossing into East Berlin by air.
6-Why did Stalin eventually agree to talks over the airlift?
Stalin agreed to talk over the airlift because he realised that the USA was not going to stop providing Berlin with supplies.They wouldn’t gave up so quickly as he had thought and Stalin did not want to declare war.
In my opinion it was the USA. This is because Berlin was part of the Soviet Union and so Stalin had the right to blockade the zone. The USA could have just accept this but instead, they decided to keep on supplying west Berlin with stuff. By doing this, the americans proved to be strong and determined.