Billenium

In our Literature class, after reading the storyn”Billenium”, we were told to answer some questions about it so as to make a deep analysis of the story. I’ve worked with Francisco Aresi and Juan Elia and this is our work:

1-Write a detailed synopsis of the story.

The story Billenium focuses on a man called Ward who lives in an overpopulated world. Ward, with 30 years old lives in a cubicle, like the rest of the world, located in the staircase between the fourth and fifth floors. It was bigger than other cubicles and therefore he was considered quite lucky. One day, when he was at the library, an inspection was made to each cubicle to check if they had the right measurements. Consequently, Ward realises that his cubicle was going to be divided and so he decides to move out. He rents a cubicle together with his friend,Rossiter, on the outskirts. When they finish settling in this new cubicle, they both found a hidden cubicle next to theirs. Afterwards, they decide to make use of that space and turned it into a living room by fulfilling it with a victorian wardrobe. Talking advantage of the space left, they invited people to move with them,which proves that they can not escape of their reality.

2)Discuss the theme of overpopulation and the effect it has on both the way of life and quality of life of the inhabitants of the city.

The theme of overpopulation modifies people’s lifestyle. Although at the beginning of the story it seemed impossible to leave in such a limited place, the population ends up adjusting to those conditions. This is perfectly represented through the main character: Wards as he was not able to escape from his restricted reality. Although he has a bigger cubicle, he fill it with a huge wardrobe and so turns the place into a limited one, once more. However, at the end, he is forced to remove those furnitures to make space for the people living inside.

3)The quest for living space has become an overriding obsession with the people of the city. Discuss this theme in detail. Include in your answer some discussion of the ways in which Ballard makes the quest for space dominate the characters’ lives.

The quest for living space is absurd because oficina the fact that for having some extra space you need have to a family and at least three kids, which is mad. By doing this, the people are increasing population instead of finding a way to reduce it. At the time the character’s find a bigger space, they have the need to occupy that empty space with big furnitures or having more people live with them. We can see that they are not able to maintain their space.

4)What sort of relationship does Ballard put forward between the inner world of the individual (as represented by Ward and Rossiter) and the outer world in which they live. In other words, how does Ballard conceptualise the effect of surviving daily life in a hopelessly overcrowded city on the consciousness of the individual as demonstrated by the ways in which Ward and Rossiter manage the gift of space in the secret room they discover?

The overpopulation as a consequence, disturb the way in which people live in this society.In fact, they are forced to share the kitchen, the bathroom and the laundry room with their neighbors because they do not have enough space left. When they leave their house, the streets have a pedestrian jam and so it could last them a long time to get somewhere. Also, the traffic makes them arrive to their destination late. The overpopulation as well affects the places where they would go out to have fun, for example.

5)In the story, Ballard does attempt some sort of explanation of the social, political and economic causes of the extreme overpopulation that has beset the world. Explain his views as they are presented in the story.

His social views are that people are selfish, they think about only themselves and their families. We believe this because people instead of wanting and contributing with the reduction of population, they on the contrary do anything to have some more space in the cubicle, which only happens if they have at least three kids.
The political views that Ballard try to show is that the government doesn’t do anything for the reduction of the population. They find a solution but it is not the best On my way! so it is not the one they needed . Instead of doing something to control the number of population and reducing it, they reduce the space of the cubicle where people live in.
Ballard’s economic views were that people needed to pay more rent to be able to live in that small cubicle of theirs. This is a problem because having overpopulation makes people arrive late to work because the streets are full of people from side to side.

6)Do you agree with his argument? Do you think that current population growth projections indicate that we are likely to end up in the situation portrayed in the story?
We do agree with this argument. Actually, a lot of countries have many kids, for which they contribute with the growth of population in their country.If these countries continue having huge amount of children per family, we will end up living in the same conditions as the characters in Billennium for sure.

7)Describe and analyse Ward’s character in some detail. What values does he hold? Why does Ballard make use of this type of character as the main character for this story?

Ward is the main charachter of Billenium. He works as a librarian and he lives in the same cubicle with Henry Rossiter. In addition to this, Ward was the most affected when the Victorian wardrobe was destroyed in order to make more room. He also hates all the landlords that reduces the size of the cubicles to have more money.

8)What role does Rossiter play in the story?

The Rossiter is Ward’s friend and the one who shares the cubicle with him. Moreover, he is the one to convince Ward on inviting people to live with them in the double cubicle.

9)Describe the role of the female characters in the story.

Judith and Helen were the two female characters in the story. They suffered because they lived together in a smaller cubicle that Ward had at the beggining of the story. However, afterwards they took advantage of the space the boys provided to them and their families.

10)Discuss the effects that overpopulation and its attendant ills has had on the nature of family life in relation to Ward’s family as well as Judith and Helen’s family relationships.

In that reality, having a family was considered as a benefit because it allowed you to have a bigger cubicle. However, they were still imprisoned in that suffocating reality. Although they were provided with a spacious cubicle, overpopulation was still a worry and it wasn’t being solved. Another problem was that as a result of the huge quantity of people, families were separated from each other because there wasn’t enough space for all of them.

11)What does the secret room symbolised in the story?

The secret room next to Ward and Rossiter’s cubicle symbolized freedom, it was an opening that allowed them escape from living in a limited space.

12)Why do you think Ward and Rossiter are unable to keep the gift of space to themselves? Is Ballard making a comment on how our inner world ultimately reflects the shape of the external world in which we live?

Ward and Rossiter are unable to keep the gift of space to themselves because they were used to live in a small place called “cubicles” however when they found a bigger place, they started putting filling it with huge furniture and then inviting people to live with them. By doing this, they started reducing the space that they had. In my viewpoint, Ballard makes a comment on how difficult is to change and adapt to new places for all the human beings. In this case, Ward was not able to benefit from the free space he had.

13)What sort of living arrangement do they eventually end up allowing (and accommodating to) in their secret room?

At the end of the story, there were seven people living in the secret room.Therefore, they divided that room in seven parts so all the people have their own “room”. However, they ended up living in a smaller place than the cubicles.

14)Discuss Ballard’s style and language in the story? Consider also in what ways it is appropriate to the nature of the story being told.

Ballard uses different techniques of speech to highlight the overpopulation existent in the story. For instance, he uses hyperbaton and oxymoron so as to make the reader understand his feelings towards that suffocating society. What is more, the author uses the word “cubicle” to emphasize on the fact that humans are destined to live in a place meant to be in an office.

 

Publicado en 3AC2018, Inglés, literature, prose | Deja un comentario

Poem Recoleta Cemetery

During Language and Literature classes, we worked on a description about a touristic place here in Buenos Aires. After making it, we had to write a poem about that same place, based on our piece of text.

I worked with Oli Obligado and Bianca Ieraci.

This is my writing:

This famous cemetery, located in the distinguished neighborhood of Recoleta, is one of the main touristic places of Buenos Aires city. Designed by próspero catelin, it is the place where the greatest number of people in the country are buried.

As soon as you arrived at this place, you can appreciate the main entrance which is composed by four columns of Greek Doric order, where the first symbols of life and death are inscripted. Moreover, this huge cemetery, contains several statues in a wide variety of architectural styles, which gives the place an unique and exceptional design. What is more, this daily open burying ground has over 90 tombs that are listed as national historical monuments.

In addition to this, the recoleta cemetery is the most exclusive graveyard in Argentina. All around the cemetery, there are the tombstones with their faded etching. This graveyard is full of stone, moss, yew trees and the decaying remnants of bone and flesh. Furthermore, even though it should be a spooky cemetery that causes chills, it has the air fragrant with pine-needles which provokes a pleasant effect on the visitors. As you walk around, you can feel the atmosphere inside of it is warm and quiet. There are no sounds from the streets or disturbing noises from the people.

Finally, You can walk among the corridors between the tombs and appreciate the sound of the birds singing and the fresh air that you can breathe. It is also possible to highlight the different and original designs of the tombs that the families of the death person have created.

And this is our poem:

Publicado en 3AC2018, Inglés, literature, poetry | Deja un comentario

The Berlin blockade

In History, our teacher gave us an asingment in which we had to answer some questions and complete a chart after watching some videos on the Berlin blockade. This is my work:

Chart:

 

Questions:

ANSWERS:

What was life like in Berlin in the post-war era?
Berlin was splited into two.On the one hand, the east part was communist and so it was under the control of the Soviet Union. On the other hand, the west part was capitalist and was divided into three sectors; the British, the American and the French sector. What is more, life in Berlin was extremely poor. It had suffered a lot and the population was going through harsh times as well. Berlin was clearly devastated after war.

2- How did Soviet policy towards Berlin differ from that of the West?
Capitalism was the government’s organization in the west part. However, in the east part, the Soviet Union applied a Communist government. Stalin wanted its part of Germany crippled while the allies wanted economic recovery.

3- Why was reform of the German currency a key issue for both sides?
The reform of the German currency was a key issue for both sides as it was a symbol of unification. The allies united against the Soviet Union. By doing this, the west side not only obtained economic stability but also they proved to be powerful and strong.

4- Why was the airlift such a major feat?
The airlift was a major feat because it showed this unification the allies wanted to prove. It was a proof of the confrontation existent between communism and capitalism. It also showed the capitalist’s power, as they very well demonstrated that they wouldn’t be doomed by the soviets. Although the Berlin blockade, the west part did not give up and consequently, sent supplies to the zone, which showed their strength. In fact, this strategy was very intelligent as it demonstrated that the capitalists wouldn’t stop until achieve the Soviet’s defeat.

5-In what respect can the USSR and US be responsible for further increasing tensions during the airlift?

As regards the USSR, during the airlift, they were prepared to shoot down the planes as they saw the airlift as a capitalist attack. Also, they were constantly armed to avoid people trespassing to the other side, which caused a lot of tension. The USA was also the responsible for increasing tensions during the airlift because not only they sent more supplies than they had done before, but also they were challenging Stalin’s blockade. This is because they were crossing into East Berlin by air.

6-Why did Stalin eventually agree to talks over the airlift?
Stalin agreed to talk over the airlift because he realised that the USA was not going to stop providing Berlin with supplies.They wouldn’t gave up so quickly as he had thought and Stalin did not want to declare war.

Extension question:

In my opinion it was the USA. This is because Berlin was part of the Soviet Union and so Stalin had the right to blockade the zone. The USA could have just accept this but instead, they decided to keep on supplying west Berlin with stuff. By doing this, the americans proved to be strong and determined.

 

Publicado en 3AC2018, History, Inglés | Deja un comentario

Face chapter 17

Presentation of Face chapter 17:

https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1-2chFydoZUlVYaMkX-SAaeoocOlx15cZf15hdhm3nbQ

 

Publicado en 3AC2018, Inglés, languaje | Deja un comentario

Visita a la Casa Rosada

Antes de realizar la visita a la Casa Rosada, nuestra profesora de cívica nos asigno una actividad grupal en la que debíamos preparar una presentación del edificio y luego un video de la visita a la Casa Rosada.Yo trabaje con Belen Brito, Marcos Okecki y Ramiro Aizpiri, y hablamos acerca del patrimonio histórico de la Casa Rosada, de los mandatos de los presidentes y sobre el primer presidente de la Nación Argentina. Esta es nuetra presentacion y el video:

https://youtu.be/BvO5zYTBqxs

Casa Rosada

 

Publicado en 3AC2018, Castellano, Ed.civica | Deja un comentario

Booktube 1st term

For this first term, our language teacher asigned us to prepare a booktube based on the book we had chosen to read. I read the book “The edge of a reason” and I focused on the main characters to make the activity.

Here I leave my work;

Publicado en 3AC2018, Inglés, languaje | Deja un comentario

“Corazón delator”

Para Lengua, nuestra profesora ,Carol, nos asignó una actividad individual en la que debíamos  adaptar un cuento de terror primero, para luego grabarlo en un audio incluyendo sonidos de fondo con el fin de ponerle mas énfasis a la narración. Yo trabajé con el cuento “Corazón delator” y este es mi trabajo:

Corazon delator

 

Publicado en 3AC2018, Castellano, lengua | Deja un comentario

El príncipe de la niebla- trailer

En la clase de lengua, realizamos un trabajo en grupos que consistía en hacer un trailer de la historia leida en clase. Yo trabajé con Juana Zufriategui, Ramiro Aizpiri, Valentina Re y Francisco Montoya. Este es nuestro trailer:

Publicado en 3AC2018, Castellano, lengua | Deja un comentario

Trabajo practico Civica

En clase, nuestra profesora, Maria Laura, nos asignó un trabajo acerca del Estado. Este es mi trabajo:

  1. Indiquen si las siguientes afirmaciones son verdaderas o falsas. Justifiquen sus  respuestas en la carpeta
  1. Los conceptos de gobierno y estado son sinónimos.
  2. El territorio de un Estado es considerado un espacio tridimensional.
  3. La centralización del poder en la organización del territorio es uno de los rasgos que caracterizó a el proceso de formación de los Estados modernos.
  4. El proceso de formación de los Estados modernos en América fue diferente al que tuvo lugar en Europa.
  5. El Estado de derecho se caracteriza por concentrar todas las decisiones en una persona o grupo de individuos.
  6. En los Estados federales coexisten diferentes ámbitos de gobierno.

Respuestas:

  1. Falso. Esto es porque el Estado es la forma de organización jurídica y política de una comunidad que que ejerce su poder a través de instituciones específicas, tales como el gobierno.  Entonces, este no es un sinónimo de Estado, sino un componente del mismo, junto al territorio y a la población.
  2. Verdadero. Esto es porque el territorio de un Estado incluye no sólo el suelo sino también el subsuelo, los mares y el espacio aéreo, por lo que se considera un espacio tridimensional.
  3. Verdadero. Esto es porque la conformación de los Estados modernos fue el resultado de un proceso caracterizado por la centralización del poder, entre otras.  A través de esta, el Estado fue concentrando el control de todos los los aspectos de la vida social de la población.
  4. Verdadero. Esto es porque a diferencia de Europa,  en América, el territorio estaba constituido por Colonias. Como consecuencia, se llevaron a cabo luchas por la independencia, las cuales fueron el punto de partida para la conformación de los Estados Modernos.
  5. Falso. Esto es porque el Estado de derecho no concentra todas las decisiones  en una persona, sino que se caracteriza por la división del poder público. Por lo tanto, el poder de las autoridades de gobierno está limitado y dividido en tres poderes; el Legislativo, el Ejecutivo y el Judicial, para asegurar su legitimidad.
  6. Verdadero. Esto es porque en los Estados federales,cada entidad territorial tiene una Constitución propia , en los cuales coexisten diferentes ámbitos de gobierno: el federal,  el estatal o provincial y el municipal.

 

  1. Escriban un texto breve explicando por qué el Estado de de derecho es considerado el “imperio de la ley”. Incluyan una reflexión sobre la importancia de este principio fundamental para la vida en un régimen democrático.

 

Respuesta:

El Estado de derecho es considerado el “Imperio de la ley” ya que el ejercicio del poder político está siempre regulado por la ley y controlado por la justicia. En otras palabras, las personas que ocupan cargos estatales no pueden seguir su mera voluntad, deben guiarse por lo que determina la ley. Además el imperio de la ley establece que, las leyes deben ser creadas por órdenes representativos con el fin de expresar la voluntad de la población. Este principio es fundamental en un orden democrático, para que las personas que ocupan cargos en el estado, estén limitadas y guiadas por la ley, para evitar decisiones injustas que solo los podían favorecer a ellos.

 

  1. Lean las siguientes afirmaciones. Luego, explíquelas con sus palabras en la carpeta.
  1. El Estado detenta el monopolio de la fuerza.
  2. La nación es una comunidad imaginada.
  3. El régimen político está conformado por los marcos institucionales dentro de los cuales funciona la vida política de una comunidad.
  1. Respuestas:
  1. El Estado detenta (es el único que lo posee) el monopolio de la fuerza ya que este, a través de diferentes instituciones tales como el ejército, la policía o la gendarmería, es el único autorizado a ejercer violencia física de forma legítima en caso de ser necesario. Además, ningún ciudadano puede recurrir a la violencia para resolver un conflicto.
  2. La nación se imagina como una comunidad porque independientemente de la desigualdad y de la explotación, la nación se comprende siempre como un compañerismo profundo.
  3. Esto ocurre por que las ideas sobre las cuales se fundamentan la autoridad de los gobernantes

4-

 Estado liberal:

  • -Forma política que utilizaron los estados nacionales mediante el siglo xix
  • Modela un orden jurídico política con el objetivo de caracterizar los derechos de los ciudadanos
  • Reconoció el carácter de los derechos civiles y políticos de la población y dividió sus encargos
  • Intervienen los poderes públicos y de los ciudadanos a la constitución
  • Se reconocen ciertos derechos y libertades de la población con garantías
  • -Las funciones del Estado se fragmentan y se las encarga a otros poderes

Estado de Bienestar:

  • Influyó tras una grande crisis que como consecuencia afectó la economía de todos los países occidentales (1930)
  • Posee la responsabilidad de prosperar una política económica, la cual debe crear las circunstancias para el empleo y crecimiento
  • Es un gobierno de solidaridad para repartir de manera parcial los esfuerzos y el resultado del crecimiento positivo

  Estado Neoliberal:

  • Estadi creado a fines dela década del 70, tras numerosas crisis económicas que como consecuencia produjeron inflación y la inmovilización de la economía a nivel mundial. Como resultado, varios países empezaron a tomar medidas con el fin de reducir el gasto público.
  • Sus funciones principales eran afirmar el imperio de la ley, tonificar la competencia y proteger el derecho de propiedad individual.

 

5- El uso sustentable de recursos naturales es un ejemplo de las políticas públicas desarrolladas en nuestro país durante los últimos diez años. Esta se aplica en el ámbito nacional, provincial y municipal.  Esta política pública entra en la categoría de conservar el medio ambiente y además, a través de esta, se intenta solucionar el peligro que implica continuar deteriorando el ambiente, el cual compromete a las generaciones futuras. Los objetivos de la misma son garantizar el desarrollo económico y social, la salud y la supervivencia de la especie humana en todo el planeta. Dicha política está apoyada en la Ley general sobre medio ambiente y recursos naturales ( ley número 64 del 18 de agosto del 2000), la cual busca la conservación del medio ambiente y una mejor utilización de los recursos naturales para no afectar el territorio y a las personas que lo habitan.  A su vez, esta política utiliza Un Plan de Ordenación de los Recursos Naturales (PORN) , el cual instrumento de planeamiento territorial recogido en el ordenamiento jurídico español que persigue adecuar la gestión de los recursos, y en especial de los espacios naturales y de las especies a proteger, según la política de conservación de la naturaleza establecida por la “Ley 42/2007, de 13 de diciembre, del Patrimonio Natural y de la Biodiversidad”.

 

6-  La Argentina está conformada por aquellas personas que comparten un mismo idioma, una historia común y una serie de tradiciones y costumbres que la diferencian de otras comunidades, y que generan un sentimiento de pertenencia.  Además, los integrantes de la comunidad argentina se reconocen con derecho a tener autonomía en la decisión que afectan la vida en común. Es por esto que la Argentina es una nación. También, en nuestro país existen los Mapuches y las comunidades indígenas que reclaman su reconocimiento como nación.

 

Publicado en 3AC2018, Castellano, Ed.civica | Deja un comentario

El Principe de la niebla- capitulo 9

En lengua, nuestra profesora Carol nos asignó una serie de preguntas para responder de forma individual, basadas en el capitulo 9 de “El Príncipe de la niebla”

  1. Luego de leer el Capítulo completo, explicar esta cita.

“ A veces, una entre un millón,  ocurre que alguien, muy joven, comprende que la vida es un camino sin retorno y decide que ese  juego no va con él. Es como cuando decides hacer trampas en un juego que no te gusta. La mayoría de las veces te descubren y la trampa se acaba. Pero otras, el tramposo se sale con la  suya. Y cuando en vez e jugar con dados o naipes, se juega con la vida y la muerte, ese tramposo se convierte en alguien muy peligroso. “

En esta cita, el anciano hace referencia a que Caín es un tramposo que juega con la vida y la muerte,  por lo que es muy peligroso. Además, expresa claramente el tipo de juego que utilizaba Caín: hacia trampa y se salía con la suya.

 

  1. ¿Cuál es el deseo de Angus?
  2. ¿Cómo lo cumple Caín?
  3. ¿Qué le pide a cambio?
  4. ¿Cuál es la reacción de Angus?
  5. ¿Qué le pasa a Angus?
  6. A partir de esta cita explicar Cuál es la función de las repeticiones: “Caminábamos por aquel paraje siniestro a la luz de la Luna cuando descubrimos que, entre la  niebla, energía una silueta envuelta en una capa con una estrella de seis puntas dentro de un círculo y grabada en oro, caminando hacia nosotros por el centro de la vía muerta. Era el  Príncipe de la Niebla”

1-  El deseo de Angus era que su padre sea readmitido en la fundición, ya que había sido previamente  despedido tras un recorte de personal.

2-   Cain cumple la petición de Angus al darle el trabajo nuevamente al padre.  

3-  A cambio de cumplir el deseo de Angus, el mago le pide lealtad absoluta: que prenda fuego al almacén de Skolimoski, el comerciante más rico del barrio, la noche siguiente a esa.

4-  Tras la misión que Cain le encargó a Angus, este sintió un profundo terror. Este desapareció  sin cumplir lo que le habían encargado.

5- Finalmente, al no obedecer la exigencia de Cain, Angus es encontrado por su amigo tendido en la vía. El cuerpo de Angus se había transformado en hielo que se fundia  sobre el radar, hasta que finalmente su rostro se desvaneció. Además, alrededor de su cuello, tenía una medalla que mostraba la estrella de seis puntas rodeada por un círculo.

6-   La constante repetición de la niebla y la estrella  de seis puntas dentro de un círculo y grabada en oro, sirve para remarcar que son símbolos fundamentales para el desarrollo de la historia. Es decir que, son sumamente importantes y al repetirlo, nos ayuda a recordarlos para que en el  momento en el que suceda algo con ellos no olvidemos su relevancia.

Publicado en 3AC2018, Castellano, lengua | Deja un comentario